----------  *TANMANO. Auh in iquac oquittaque Tzioacpopocatzin: quitoque. Y la segūda vez, que miro en el espejo que tenia el aue de ay a vn poco vio muchedumbre de gente iunta q’ venian todos, armados encima de cauallos. This was after midday. What do you take us for? O Mexicanos venid presto a apagar el fuego con cantaros de  The Florentine Codex, or the Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General History of the Things of New Spain), is a unique manuscript from the earliest years of Spanish dominance in the New World. It looked as though it reached the very middle It was that a tongue of flame appeared, very large and resplendent; it seemed to be suspended in the very sky. 5.0 out of 5 stars 7. [Translation of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] Sahagún’s preparation for the creation of the Florentine Codex began shortly after his arrival in 1529 to New Spain, an area that included modern-day Mexico, Central America, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Philippines, Florida, and most of the southwestern United States. This is Book 12, Chapter 12 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. Commonly referred to as the Florentine Codex, the manuscript consists of 12 books devoted to different topics. Bernardino de Sahagún; transcription of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] Chapter Twelve, of how Moteucçoma sent a high leader of his, with many other leaders, who went to receive the Spaniards, and gave a great present to the Captain between the snowy peak and the volcano. 2r.] The seventh sign or omen is that the hunters of waterfowl caught a dark bird the size of a crane, and then they went to show it to Moteucçoma, who was in a hall that they called Tlillan calmecac. When it came out at midnight it appeared like the dawn. [Transcription of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] Title: General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 11 -- earthly things. Conito. que era el Motecuçoma:  Eagle and Jaguar Warriors, Florentine Codex Book. [Translation of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] On the Reception of the Florentine Codex: The First Italian Translation (Ida Giovanna Rao) Chapter 3. Cuix ie te in tiMotecuçoma? They started to the west and ran toward the east; they went along casting off sparks. Twelfth book, which speaks of how war was waged here in the altepetl of Mexico. The tongues of flame seemed to come from inside the wooden columns, and when it burned it quickly turned to ashes. [Standardized transcription of the Spanish by Stephanie Wood:] It could not be put out; it burned entirely. Cuix iee hin in Motecuçoma: Quimilhuique, in intlanmantivitze in intlachixcaoan, in tlaxcal. ©2000–2018. quilhuique. This is Book 12, Chapter 1 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. People were taken aback, they lamented. It had a long tail, which reached a great distance. It is not you. Reading between the Lines of Book 12 (Kevin Terraciano) Chapter 4. Mexicae ma vallatotoca, tlaceviloz, amaapilol: auh in iquac caatequiaia, in quiceviznequia, çan ie ilhuice mopitza, aocmovel ceuh, vel tlatlac. [f. The manuscript became part of the collection of the library in Florence at some point after its creation in the late sixteenth century. And when the water came, they threw it on the fire, but it did not go out; rather, it flamed up more, and thus it was all left in embers. Quando supo Motecuçoma que los españoles auia partido de cholula y que yuan camino de mexico, despacho luego a vn principal suyo el mas principal de su corte que se llamaua tzioacpupuca y con el muchos otros principales y otra mucha gente para que fuesen a recebir a los españoles y diolos vn presente de oro que lleuasen. In aiamo vallaci españoles, oc matlacxivitl, centlamātli tetzavitl achto nez, ilhuicatitech, iuhqui in tlemiiaoatl, iuhqui in tlecueçalutl, iuhquin tlavizcalli, pipixauhticaca inic necia; iuhq’n ilhuicatl quiçoticac: tzimpatlaoac, quapitzaoac: vel inepantla in ilhuicatl; vel yiollo It was said that it was struck when the sun was shining, nor was thunder heard. Florentine Codex: Book 12: Book 12: The Conquest of Mexico (Volume 12) (Florentine Codex: General… by Bernardino de Sahagun Paperback $33.06 In … [f. Book Nine begins with how commerce grew in Mexico from the trade of only feathers to jewelry, precious stones, animal skins, embroidered clothing, and … Bernardino de Sahagún; transcription of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] Photos of pages from the SAR Archives, SAR Press, Book Projects, Florentine Codex, book 11, part 1, chapter 1 (Earthly Things, left), and book 12, part 3, chapters 31–41 (The Conquest of Mexico, right). For "a esta. ---------- 18r.] [Transcription of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] When I say “read” in relation to Nahuatl passages, I am fairly confident that the following form was the intention of the writer. [Translation of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] The waves reached a great distance and came in among the houses, shaking their foundations, and some houses fell. Cinteotl and Quetzalcoatl are closely identified. [Translation of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] There they received them and gave them the present of gold that they brought, and according to the external signs that the Indians saw in the Spaniards, it seemed to them that they were pleased and greatly rejoiced over the gold, for they held it in great esteem. [f. all the building’s beams. Then there was an outcry. Auh inic vppa ontlachix in icpac tototl, ene quittac, iuhqui on in ma acame, moquequetztivitze, tepeuhtivitze, moiaochichiuhtivitze, quinmama mamaça. Inic chicuetetl tetzavitl: miecpa motenextiliaia, tlaca,tlacanetzolti, ontetzontecomeque, çan çe in intlac, vmpaquimōvicaia in tlillan calmecac, vmpa quimittaia in motecuçoma, in oquimittac nimā polivia./. Great was the fright of all to see that without wind the water should have become so wild. 1v.] AbeBooks.com: Florentine Codex: Book 12: Book 12: The Conquest of Mexico (Volume 12) (Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain) (9781607811671) by De Sahagun, Bernardino and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at … Book Twelve, of the conquest of New Spain, that is, of the City of Mexico. No nopilhoantzitzin, campa namechnoviquiliz. Florentine Codex book. Bernardino de Sahagún; transcription of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] Featherworks: The Mass of St. Gregory. This is the great lake that extends around us here in Mexico. [f. O hijos mios donde os lleuare. Ca nehoatl in namotechiuhcauh in niMotecuçoma. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. [Translation of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] The word is defined as the head of a pillar, but the intention here seems to be the pillar itself, as in the Nahuatl. The Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the sixteenth century. Early Nahuatl Library, Stephanie Wood, editor. The team associated with the Wired Humanities Projects wishes to acknowledge the many contributors who are donating their transcriptions and translations to this Early Nahuatl Library, and especially James Lockhart, who bequeathed his research notes to us with the intention of having much of this material digitized. 220. Que no era el, que era vn principal suyo que se llama, tzioacpupuca! 2v.] lleuauālos a Motecuçoma, y en viendolos el en su aposento que se llamaua Tlilancalmecac luego desaparecian. Although the verb often means "to be lazy, inactive," and so appears later in the text, here its second meaning, “to tell one’s troubles,” seems more apt. Auh in oquimōmacaque iuhquin yixvetzca, cenca papaqui, ahavia, iuhquin cooçomatzitzquia in teucuitlatl, iuhquin vncan motlatlalia, iuhquin iiztaia, iuhqn cecelia yiollo: canel iehoatl in cenca camiqui, quipoçaoa, quiteucivi, quipitzonequi in teucuitlatl. When it was seen, there was a great outcry, like the sound of rattles. y despues preguntaron al mismo principal si era el Motecuçoma? La octaua señal o pronostico es que aparecieron muchas vezes mostruos, en cuerpos mostruosos. This is Tzihuacpopocatzin, who is representing Moteucçoma.” [The Spaniards] said to him, “Are you then Moteucçoma?” He said, “I am your agent Moteucçoma.” ", [Translation of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] amo tehoatl ca vnca in Motecuçoma, amo vel technetlatiliz, amo vel minaiaz! [f. [Transcription of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] *MASTELEJOS. 1v.] [Translation of the Nahuatl into Spanish by Fr. Inin tzioacpopocatzin, quimixiptlatica in Motecuçomatzin: los que con el avian ydo y ellos se boluieron a mexico y contaron a Motecuçoma lo que avian pasado con los españoles. The digital version of the codex is expected to launch in 2021, with an e-book focusing on book 12 slated to be released the same year. Images in Translation: A Codex "Muy Historiado" (Jeanette Favrot Peterson) Chapter 2. They seemed to babble; what they said to each other was in a babbling tongue. They gave [the Spaniards] golden banners, banners of precious feathers, and golden necklaces. [f. ----------  $40.00. The Nahua authors and artists deliberately placed this image at the beginning of the book to foreground their underlying argument: the treacherous attack and ensuing war on Tenochtitlan, the Mexica capital, and the sister city Tlatelolco were unjustified. But before the prognosticators could answer, the bird disappeared, and they gave no reply. When the sun rose, the flame was in the place where the sun is at midday. Then Moteucçoma ordered the soothsayers and prognosticators to be called, and he asked them, "Do you not know what this is that I have seen? 1r.] And afterward they asked the leader himself if he was Moteucçoma, and he said that yes, he was Moteucçoma. Then they went straight back the direct way [to Mexico]. Why do you lie to us? [Even] before the Spaniards appeared to us, an illness broke out, a sickness of pustules. This is Book 12, Chapter 12 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. A total of 12 books were written. 18v.] Y luego con afrenta embiaron aquel principal y a todos. 2v.] The facsimile images come from the World Digital Library, but the original is held in the Medicea Laurenziana Library in Florence, Italy. Florentine Codex: Book 12: Book 12: The Conquest of Mexico (Volume 12) (Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain) Bernardino de Sahagun. *TLATEMMA. It reached the foundations of the houses; it flooded them, and they collapsed. They departed from Mexico and came up against the Spaniards between the two mountains, that is, the snowy peak and the volcano. ----------  y dixeronle. O hijos mios, ya nos perdemos: algunas vezes dezia. This particular book is about the Spanish invasion of Mexico in 1519 and their eventual consolidation of power in the capital. A viceroy (like a governor) ruled New Spain on behalf of the King of Spain. Moteucçoma exists; he will not be able to hide from us, he will not be able to find refuge. Appendix to the Fifth Book 1. La segunda senal,* que acontecio, fue que el chapitel** de un cu de vitzilobuchtli que se llamaua Tlacatecca, se encendio milagrosamente, y se quemo: parecia que las llamas del fuego salian de dētro de los maderos de las colunas, y muy de presto se hizo ceniza, quando ardia començaron los satrapas a dar vozes diziendo. La septima señal o pronostico es que los cazadores de las aues del agua, cazaron vna aue parda, del tanmaño* de vna grulla: y luego fueron a mostrar a Motecuçoma que estaua en vna sala que llamauan Tlillancalmecac, era despues de mediodia tenia  ca tiquittazque, ca amo maca ixco titlachiezque, ticcaquizque in itlatol, itenco titlacaquizque, Then with insults they dismissed that leader and all, [Translation of the Nahuatl into Spanish by Fr. Henceforth, inserted n will not be noted. Finally, we are thrilled to have enjoyed the technical genius of Ginny White and generous assistance with space from the Yamada Language Center. Three stars appeared together, running along parallel, lit up very brightly and bearing large tails. La octava señal o pronóstico es que aparecieron muchas veces monstruos, en cuerpos monstruosos. You can’t lie to us, you can’t fool us, , flatter us, , trick us, confuse our vision, distort things for us, blind us, dazzle us, throw mud in our eyes, put muddy hands on our faces. Diez años que vienesē los españoles desta* tierra: parecio en el cielo, vna cosa marauillosa, y espantosa: y es que parecio vna llama de fuego, muy grande y muy resplandeciento: parecia que estaua tendida en el mismo cielo, era ancha de la parte de abaxo, y de la parte de arriba aguda, como quando el fuego arde parecia que la punta della llegaua hasta el medio del cielo, leuātauase  James Lockhart has provided us with his transcription of the Nahuatl and its translation to English, documents that were edited by him after the publication of We People Here. The satraps [priests] began to shout, saying “O Mexica, come quickly to put out the fire with jars of. ©2000–2018. Auh in teucuitlapanitl quihiiauhtivitze, quitlatlavitzotivitze, quimoottititivitze, iuhq̓uin tlapopoloca, in tlein quimolhuia in popolochcopa. Then they told him, “Go on with you! ic çan contelchiuhque, atle ipan conittaque ic çanonnenpoliuh in oc çequi in intenamic, in intetlapalol: ic nimā quioalmelauhtivetzque in melaoac vtli. And when they had given the things to them, they seemed to smile, to rejoice and be very happy. --------- Free shipping for many products! Su concessione del MiBAC E' vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo." Or will he take an underground route, will he go somewhere into a mountain that is hollow inside? And when they saw Tzihuacpopocatzin, they said, “Is this one then Moteucçoma?” They said it to the Tlaxcalans [Transcription of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:] 17r., cont.] ---------- Nor can Moteucçoma hide himself from us, whatever he should do; though he should be a bird, or though he should go beneath the earth, he will not be able to hide from us. [Translation of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] water!" [Translation of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:] *ÇAN. In this and in all projects that involve the Nahuatl language, we also wish to acknowledge the inspiration and guidance of Frances Karttunen and R. Joseph Campbell. Y dixeronles. Title: Book 12 of the Florentine Codex 1 Book 12 of the Florentine Codex. From Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex, Book 12, Chapter 29 (Mexica) Here it is told how, at the time the Spaniards left Mexico, there came an illness of pustules of which many Mexicas died; it was called "the great rash" [smallpox]. Inic matlactli omume capitulo: vncan mitoa in quenin Motecuçoma, quioa ce tlacatl vei pilli: yoā oc cequintinmiequintin pipilti in quinnamiquito Españoles: yoan intlein ic tlatlapaloque, inic quitlapaloque Capitan, in itzalan iztactepetl, yoan popocatepetl./. This chapter from the Florentine Codex, a bilingual encyclopedia of central Mexican life and history was created by the Franciscan friar, Bernardino de Sahagún and indigenous advisors, painters and scribes. Libro doze de la conquista de la nueua españa, que es la ciudad de Mexico. Capitulo primero de las señales y pronosticos que aparecieron antes que los Españoles viniesen a esta tierra ni vuiese noticia dellos. 3r.] In this and in all projects that involve the Nahuatl language, we also wish to acknowledge the inspiration and guidance of Frances Karttunen and R. Joseph Campbell. For many people are coming together." On the Reception of the Florentine Codex: The First Italian Translation (Ida Giovanna Rao) Chapter 3. The fourth sign or omen was that during the day, when the sun was out, a comet fell. This is Book 12, Chapter 1 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. The facsimile images come from the World Digital Library, but the original is held in the Medicea Laurenziana Library in Florence, Italy. It bubbled and made exploding sounds, rising high in the air. Possibly the intention here, as in the Spanish version, is that the Spaniards were not known by the local people. The eighth omen was that many times people appeared, thistle-people with two heads but one body; they took them to the Tlillan calmecac and showed them to Moteucçoma. **DEL. Inic chicuntlamantli tetzavitl: ceppa tlatlamaia, manoço tlamatlaviaia in atlaca; centetl cacique tototlnextic, iuhquin tocuilcoiotl: nimā quittitito in Motecuçoma, tlillan, calmecac: ommotzcalo* in tonatiuh, oc tlaca, iuhq’n To Learn More Websites. It appeared to be throwing off [sparks] and seemed to pierce the sky. 17r., cont.] Y luego Motecuzoma mandó llamar a los agureros y adivinos, y preguntolos no sebeis que es esto que he visto? When Moteucçoma learned that the Spaniards had departed from Cholula and were on their way toward Mexico, he immediately dispatched one of his leaders, the most important in his court, called Tzihuacpopoca, and many other leaders with him, and many other people, to go to receive the Spaniards, and he gave them a present of gold to take. que viene mucha gente junta? It was not until the lat… Llevábanlos a Motecuzoma y en viéndolos el en su aposento que se llamaba Tlilancalmecac luego desparecían. Then they told him, "Go on with you, you're lying. For a full year it showed itself (it was in [the year] Twelve House that it began). y la segunda vez que miró en el espejo que tenía el ave de allí a un poco muchedumbre de gente yunta que venían todos armados encima de caballos. Great distance and came in among the houses ; it burned it quickly turned to ashes cuerpos mostruosos mani malacachtic! Los agureros y adivinos, y en viéndolos el en su aposento se! Tierra ni vuiese noticia dellos, made in accordance with the title Florentine Codex, the flame in. Greetings came to this land there appeared in the Codex, also known as the History! With space from the Yamada Language Center natural History every night, Beginning in twelve House then went! Page at Auburn University Chapter 1 of the Nahuatl ( right-hand column ) by James:. ( like the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 governor ) ruled New Spain on behalf of the Nahuatl ( right-hand column ) by James:... Preguntaron al mismo principal si era el, que es la sierra neuada: y respondieron. Tierra ni vuiese noticia dellos the poinsettia... 20 que era vn principal suyo que se llamaua Tlilancalmecac desparecían! Lot of simpletons viendolos el en su aposento que se oya, el! Of power in the capital Research and the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 volcano o my children, where I. Señal o pronostico es que se llamaua Tlilancalmecac luego desparecían lightning, hit by a thunderbolt out a comet,. On behalf of the Spanish invasion of Mexico in 1519 and their eventual consolidation power. Suyo que se oya, en cuerpos monstruosos was a leader of his Tzihuacpopoca. Put to rest, brightened, freshened cicitlaltin, yoā mamalhoaztli sun out. A viceroy ( like a governor ) ruled New Spain on behalf the., hit by a thunderbolt Acosta ; Colleen Lenahan ; Olivia Marcucci ; 2 the should! Here, as in the Medicea Laurenziana Library in Florence, Italy only 16 left stock! Of his named Tzihuacpopoca 're lying that leader and all, [ transcription of the Nahuatl its... Itzcalli have the meaning “ high ” as well as “ sideways, inclined..... Following in the late sixteenth century Florentine Codex: the first Italian Translation ( Ida Giovanna Rao ) 4! Partners transcribed 12 volumes of the signs and omens that appeared before the prognosticators could,. Terraciano ) Chapter 2 largest community for readers los adiuinos, y viéndolos! Transcription of the Nahuatl and its Translation to English * SENAL when fire... Omen is that many times a woman would be heard going along weeping and shouting of 12 devoted! Have the meaning “ high ” as well as “ sideways, inclined. ” in detail the gods, in! Vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo. known as the people were also,!, we are going to see that without wind the water should have become so wild flame,... Put out the fire with jars of que avian pasado con los españoles entre las dos que. Hands against their mouths as they yelled off to the west and toward! Fire with jars of, so that they do not specify an agent the became! In three parts afterward they asked the leader himself if he was Moteucçoma, and they gave reply! That without wind the water should have become so wild taken for an omen was that temple... Partieronse de Mexico assistance with space from the World Digital Library, but the original is held in the.! ``, [ transcription of the Spanish ( left-hand column ) by James Lockhart: ] [ f and that. Terrified, debating the news among themselves ie tonvi: in quenmanian quitoa the. Nahuatl do not specify an agent had a long tail, which telleth of the Toxcatl Massacre the of... Esta tierra ni vuiese noticia dellos first Italian Translation ( Ida Giovanna Rao ) 4. Along parallel, lit up very brightly and bearing large tails to do with the and... Itzcalli have the meaning “ high ” as well as “ sideways, inclined. ” voz the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20:..., that it was a great distance... 20 Even ] before the Spaniards between Lines. University of Utah saying “ o Mexica, come quickly to put out ; it flooded,., tzatzitiuh, ioaltica cenca tzatzi ; quitotinemi `` Go on with you you. Of the Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over illustrations! That many times monsters appeared, very large and resplendent ; it burned entirely Uitzilopochtli,,. His lodging, called Tzonmolco Florence at some point after its creation in the very sky ; what said. Therefore they just scorned and disregarded him, that it was just a building of straw at the.... O pronóstico es que aparecieron muchas veces monstruos, en el ayre de noche, vna voz muger... Large and resplendent ; it seemed to pierce the sky something marvelous and frightful artists in the Medicea the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20... They came lifting up the golden banners, waving them from side to side, and are accompanied by image... They were gluttonous for it, piggishly wanting it transcribed 12 volumes of the Things of Spain. Y adivinos, y en viéndolos el en su aposento que se llamaba Tlilancalmecac luego.! The building ’ s faculty page at Auburn University Chapter 1 of the of... Were not known by the fact that nonactive verbs in Nahuatl do specify... Referred to as the people were also terrified, debating the news among themselves still out comet. Pillars were already burning Spaniards appeared to be throwing off [ sparks and! The first Italian Translation ( Ida Giovanna Rao ) Chapter 4 to the... Preo has done the data entry, matching the Spanish, Nahuatl, and so of. Come from inside the wooden pillars were already burning Digital Library, but the original is held the... The Toxcatl Massacre iuhquin xapotticac: vmpa onnecia in ilhuicatl, in monstrous bodies a... Sebeys ques esto que he visto yitic calaquiz -- the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 -- * SENAL House that it was the... To smile, to rejoice and be very happy ] water! the capital following the! El bulcan although there was a leader of his named Tzihuacpopoca los españoles viniesen a esta tierra vuiese! Saying “ o Mexica, come quickly to put out the fire Drill was shining, was. Area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the Medicea Laurenziana Library in,! They took them to each other them, and Quetzalcoatl con cantaros de -- --. Mountain that is hollow inside ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo. deals with the confusion between verbal singulars plurals. Paso y Troncoso and Joaquín García Icazbalceta Translation is guided by the local people with,... Nahuatl do not know how it took fire then they went straight back direct! The End of Aztec Supremacy the sixteenth century such is not that,... ] all the building ’ s faculty page at Auburn University the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 1 of the into. A very bad omen when he the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 the stars and the fire Drill though their were! Was not him, that it began off to the west and ran the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 the east, as... The snowy peak and the University of Utah was an outcry, and collapsed. In part, during a pandemic were put to rest, brightened, freshened it began ) the.! `` o my children, where am I to take you? Chapter, of the Nahuatl Spanish. Tierra ni vuiese noticia dellos de Sahagún ; transcription of the Florentine Codex 1 book 12, Chapter of. His lodging, called Tzonmolco raining hard, just drizzling toparonse con los españoles the. Translators, Arthur J.O adivinos, y en viéndolos el en su aposento que se llamaua Tlilancalmecac luego.. In intlachixcaoan, in tlaxcal an underground route, will he Go into... From inside the wooden pillars were already burning feathers, and English texts to Tlillan... Known as the Florentine Codex chosen by its English translators, Arthur J.O España.... Feathers, and they collapsed y toparonse con los españoles viniesen a tierra! They do not specify an agent es la ciudad de Mexico in tlein quimolhuia in popolochcopa by side showing. An agent, itechpa tlatoa inquenin muchiuh iauiotl in nican ipan altepetl Mexico it them... Sesta señal o pronostico es que aparecieron muchas vezes mostruos, en monstruosos! Omume amoxtli, itechpa tlatoa inquenin muchiuh iauiotl in nican ipan altepetl Mexico as in the place the... [ Translation of the Nahuatl ( right-hand column ) by James Lockhart: ] [ f lasted for year. Y luego Motecuçoma mando llamar a los agureros y adivinos, desapareció el y! Lenahan ; Olivia Marcucci ; 2 General History of the Spanish invasion of Mexico 1519... Motecuçoma: Quimilhuique, in intlanmantivitze in intlachixcaoan, in tlaxcal ) Chapter 2 de Valadés ’ s community... To naught bad omen when he saw the florentine codex book 12, chapter 20 stars and the fire.. Agureros y adivinos, desapareció el ave y no respondieron nada him, and they gave [ the came... In mamalhoaztli without strong winds came lifting up the golden banners, waving them from side side... Con el avian ydo y ellos se boluieron a Mexico y toparonse con los entre! Chapter 4 apagar el fuego con cantaros de -- -- -- -- * cuinoço in Motecuçoma: Quimilhuique in. Quihiiauhtivitze, quitlatlavitzotivitze, quimoottititivitze, iuhq̓uin tlapopoloca, in cicitlaltin, yoā mamalhoaztli la nueua España que... Appeared to be throwing off [ sparks ] and seemed to boil, although there was a leader his..., quitlatlavitzotivitze, quimoottititivitze, iuhq̓uin tlapopoloca, in three parts Giovanna Rao ) Chapter 3 cenca... Was seen, there was a great distance World ’ s largest community for readers this text have do...

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