Also, fertilizer micro-dose reduces the risk of crop failure and fertilizer poisoning in areas where rainfall is erratic and harsh weather conditions . Crop Science Society of America and Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp 305–321, Soler CMT, Sentelhas PC, Hoogenboom G (2007) Application of the CSM-CERES-Maize model for planting date evaluation and yield forecasting for maize grown off-season in a subtropical environment. Fertilizer application significantly (p < 0.001) increased maize yield by 1.12 t ha −1 with micro-dosing and by 1.60 t ha −1 with recommended rates over the control. Integrated Soil and Crop Management Research Unit, Laboratory of Soil Sciences, Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 RP, Cotonou, Benin, Laboratoire des Sciences du Sol, Eau et Environnement (LSSEE), Centre de Recherche d’Agonkanmey, Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB), 01 BP 988 RP, Cotonou 01, Benin, IFDC Burkina Faso, 11 BP 82 CMS, Ouagadougou 11, Burkina Faso, c/o IITA, International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI), Ibadan, Nigeria, GRAD Consulting Group, 01 BP 6799, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso, You can also search for this author in A seasonal analysis of 32 years (1980–2012) was done based on the observed maize grain yields for the different N–P–K combinations (Fig. It is a measure of the spread of a probability distribution. The experiment also considered whether coupling the site-specific recommendation with crop insurance — to protect farmers’ fertilizer investment in the event of crop failure — enhanced adoption rates. Google Scholar, Miao Y, Mulla DJ, Batchelor WD, Paz JO, Robert PC, Wiebers M (2006) Evaluating management zone optimal nitrogen rates with a crop growth model. Fertilizer recommendations for maize production in the South Sudan and Sudano-Guinean zones of Benin. The fertilizer dose 80–30–0 generated by the model suggested no application of K at the Dassa site which is not sustainable as it will contribute to K mining in these soils (the quantity of K taken up by the plant is not returned to the soil). N–P–K fertilizer microdosing increased maize yields by 99% in the humid forest zone. Whilst maize requires Sulphur in modest amounts, it can be beneficial. Despite that the Dogbo and Allada sites are located in the same soil type, almost twice the amount of P was suggested for the Dogbo site while for Allada site the model suggested an additional application of K. These results reflected land use types which considerably affect fertilizer use efficiency in the farmers’ fields (Saïdou et al. www.aginternetwork.org. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. Micro-dosing with superphosphate increased the plant height in both first and second seasons by 10% and 84.7%, respectively, but the difference was however significant only in Season 2 ( Table 3 , Table … FAO/World Bank. Data simulated by DSSAT-CERES model were compared with the real data obtained in 2011 and 2012 in the field, in order to determine the suitability of making site specific fertilizer recommendations. The maize grain and the stover yields simulated by DSSAT model fit well with data observed in the field during the two growing seasons (2011 and 2012) for all of the experimental sites. The main characteristic of both soils is their low organic matter level which was also mentioned by several studies (Sanchez et al. Like most websites we use cookies. nitrogen dose of 75 kg N / ha (n1) and 0 kg N / ha (n0) did not show any significant difference. The model has slightly underestimated maize grain yields at Dassa (growing season of 2011) and Dogbo (growing season of 2012) while data predicted by the model fit well with that of Allada during the growing season of 2012 (Table 4). 2012). a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. Apply one teaspoonful of fertilizer at the base of each plant in a circular way or along the row 5cm away from the plants. This proves that with the correct inputs of soil and varietal characteristics a decision support tool like DSSAT can be used to extrapolate fertilizer recommendation data within a large agroecological zone presenting similar climatic characteristics and soil types. (1999), Dzotsi et al. Superior recommended dose. During this growing season, no significant differences were noticed among the N–P–K fertilizer rates but all the treatments had significantly increased yields by a factor of 1.5–2 respectively compared to control (0–0–0). The NRSME values between the observed and simulated maize grain yields varied between 12.54 and 22.56% (for the growing season of 2011) and between 13.09 and 24.13% (growing season of 2012). Always keep the maize farm without weeds until it flowers. Apart from the control plot, maize yields predicted were very good (R2 values more or less close to 100%) compared to the field results. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.7413, CAS  The model suggested no application of K to the soil at the Dassa site (dominated by Ferric and Plintic Luvisols). In order to avoid K mining in the Ferric and Plintic Luvisols as suggested by DSSAT model, an N–P–K fertilizer rate 80–30–25 was suggested. Hits: 42043 By Jan Bezuidenhout. CAB Direct provides World Soil Ressources Reports No. The amount of fertilizer required is best calculated by multiplying the target yield in tons per hectare, by 20-25 Kg. In addition, maize is also very important as feed for farm animals. This confirms the results of Brassard (2007) and Singh et al. Proceedings of a workshop, CIMMYT, El Batan (Mexico), 19–22 April, Mexico, D.F. In general, maize grain yields simulated by the model were close to that measured in the field (Table 3). Correspondence to (2014) in the Guinea savannah zone of Ghana (R2 = 91.7%) and Tetteh and Nurudeen (2015) in the Sudan Savannah agro-ecology in Ghana (R2 between 75 and 99%) who found good agreement between the observed maize grain yield and the simulated. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-7722(91)90038-3, CAS  The lowest values were found on the control field while the highest with 80–30–25, 92–30–40 and 80–15–40 at Dogbo, Allada and Dassa respectively. Article  Agron J 98(3):545–553, Nurudeen AR (2011) Decision Support System for Agro-technology Transfer (DSSAT) model simulation of maize growth and yield response to NPK fertilizer application on a benchmark soil of Sudan savanna agroecological zone of Ghana. (2007) who found that the CERES-Maize was able to accurately predict the phenology and maize grain yield for a wide range of environmental conditions. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp 125–152, Singh U, Wilkens PW (2001) Simulating water and nutrient stress effects on phenological developments in maize. Acakpo CC (2004) Efficacité agronomique et rationalité paysanne autour de la gestion des fumures minérales et de leurs effets résiduels dans les systèmes de production coton-maïs au centre Bénin. Hybrid Maize. Fertilizer rates 80–30–25, 80–15–40 and 80–30–0 presented the best return to investment per hectare and the best efficiency. Di-Ammonium Phosphate (DAP) fertilizer or NPK fertilizer at the rate of 50 kg per acre are advised for the planting of maize. The most economically superior fertilizer rates were then selected by this process. Microdosing increased N, P, and K use efficiency of maize in rotation vs. sole cropping. Here, make sure that the right amount of fertilizer is applied and well mixed with the soil. Farmers do not generally follow the national fertilizer recommendation rates (for instance, the application of 100 DAP + 100 urea kg ha −1 at planting and jointing, respectively, for maize), due to high fertilizer cost, fertilizer supply shortages and insufficient training in fertilizer use [ 2, 4, 22 ]. Unfortunately, compared to many other regions, the yield of maize production in many African countries is very low due to many biotic and abiotic factors. This observation confirms the findings of Fosu et al. It appears from the present study that maize grain yields increase with an evolution of the N rates in all of the experimental sites. As mentioned by previous studies, most of the Africa’s soils have low P levels (Koné et al. Apply 150: 75: 75 kg N, P2O5 and K2O/ha Other nutrient management practice are same as in the case of Maize varieties. 1991; Loague and Green 1991). Agron J 95:4–9, Saïdou A, Janssen B, Temminghoff EJM (2003) Effects of soil properties, mulch and NPK fertiliser on maize yields and nutrient budgets on ferralitic soils in southern Benin. This high quantity of N suggested by the model denotes the low level of N in most of the Benin even in West Africa’s soils. 2003). Int J Biol Chem Sci 6(1):365–378, Sanchez PA, Palm CA, Szott LT, Cuveas E, Lal R (1989) Organic input management in tropical agroecosystems. What do I use to fertilize my maize: Liquids or granules? This economic strategic analysis for the past 32 years showed that fertilizer rates 80–30–25, 80–15–40 and 80–30–0 respectively for the sites of Dogbo, Allada and Dassa, were the economically superior fertilizer recommendations as they presented the highest return to investment per hectare and the highest efficiency. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. There are over 13,687,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 8, 2021. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 110, 361–373 (2018). (2014). Seed yield at harvesting time The variance of maize seed yield showed that the nitrogen dosage treatment had a significant effect on the yield of maize seeds. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. This means that DSSAT model performed well in simulating maize grain yields as the NRMSE values calculated were within the acceptable range (Jamieson et al. University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, p 91, Adégbidi A, Gandonou E, Padonou E, Maliki R, Megnanglo M, Konnon D (2000) Etude des filières des intrants agricoles au Bénin (engrais minéraux, produits phytosanitaires, semences, matériels et équipements agricoles, fertilisants organiques). Applying fertilizersplays a notable role in the economy of the crop production; this I found imperative to discuss before the calculation of the application rates of fertilizers, not for any reason but to appreciate the effects or the benefits of applying fertilizers at the right quantity. 1989; Giller 2002; Saïdou et al. Afr J Agric Res 10(11):1136–1141. Soil chemical analysis of the different farms investigated before planting the maize revealed the following properties: pH(water) of 6.51, 6.58 and 6.4 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); organic C of 4.45, 8.08 and 3.99 g kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); total N of 0.74, 0.64 and 0.42 g kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa); available P of 82.75, 53.29 and 82.75 mg kg−1 (respectively for Dogbo, Allada and Dassa) and exhangeable K 1.05, 1.81 and 1.44 cmol kg−1. It is observed that after 160 kg ha–1N application, the marginal yield becomes negative i.e. 67, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany, p 166, Zeller M, Sharma M, Henry C, Lapenu C (2006) An operational method for assessing the poverty outreach performance of development policies and projects: results of case studies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Agric Water Manage 92(1–2):99–109, Article  Recent CF Fertilisers trials suggest that 20-25kg SO 3 /ha improves both yield and N uptake. Saïdou, A., Balogoun, I., Ahoton, E.L. et al. The general observation is that the model is very sensitive to fertilizer rates especially N as mentioned by Tetteh and Nurudeen (2015) and Atakora et al. The type of application equipment on the farm is usually the main driving force. Bulletin de la Recherche Agronomique du Bénin (BRAB), Numéro spécial Fertilité du maïs, pp 24–33, Jamieson PD, Porter JR, Wilson DR (1991) A test of the computer simulation model ARC-WHEAT1 on wheat crops grown in New Zealand. So, the fertilizer dose between 120 and 160 kg ha–1is the optimum recommended dose. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. In: Struif Bontkes TE, Wopereis MCS (eds) Decision support tools for smallholder agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa: apractical guide. The R2 values varied between 80 and 91% (for the growing season of 2011) and 68 and 94% (for the growing season of 2012). (2012) who stated that a supply of high rate of N leads to N leaching and possible contamination of water and luxury consumption by the plant while reducing the net return. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Jones JW, Hoogenboom G, Porter CH, Boote KJ, Batchelor WD, Hunt LA, Wilkens PW, Singh U, Gijsman AJ (2003) The DSSAT cropping system model. These N–P–K fertilizer rates are far from current standard fertilizer recommendations and do not allow a maize crop to satisfy its nutrient requirements. Finally, at Dassa, 1500, 2250, 2300 and 2650 kg ha−1 of maize grain yields were obtained when respectively, 0–0–0, 44–15–17.5, 69–30–40 and 92–30–40 fertilizer rates, were applied. Agron Afr 22(1):55–63, Loague K, Green RE (1991) Statistical and graphical methods for evaluating solute transport models: overview and application. Does Late Delivery of Subsidized Fertilizer Affect Smallholder Maize Productivity and Production Thelma Namonje-Kapembwa1, Roy Black 2, and Jayne TS 1Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute, Zambia 2Department of Agriculture, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, USA Submission: August 11, 2017; Published: August 30, 2017 *Corresponding author: Jayne TS, … Engineer Thesis, Faculty of Agronomic Science. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 157–168, Giller KE (2002) Targeting management of organic resources and mineral fertilizers: can we match scientists’ fantaisies with farmers’ realities? At Allada, the average maize grain yields of 750, 1825, 2200 and 2250 kg ha−1 were obtained when respectively, 0–0–0, 46–15–25, 69–30–40 and 92–30–40 fertilizer rates, were applied. CIMMYT, Dugué P (2010) Etude d’évaluation environnementale et du développement de systèmes de production durables dans le cadre des projets de soutien à la production vivrière (Bénin, Togo, Ghana). In general, the soils of the study area are slightly acid and low in organic matter (C/N ratio of the acrisols varying between 14.06 to 22.42 and that of the Ferric and Plintic Luvisols is 25.95). Bulletin de la Recherche Agronomique du Bénin (BRAB) Numéro Spécial Fertilité du maïs-Janvier, pp 1–11, Brassard M (2007) Développement d’outils diagnostiques de la nutrition azotée du maïs-grain pour une gestion optimale de l’engrais azoté. In: Payne WA, Keeney DR, Rao SC (eds) Sustainability of agricultural systems in transition. Accessed 20 May 2015, Fosu M, Buah SS, Kanton RAL, Agyare WA (2012) Modeling maize response to mineral fertilizer on silty clay loam in the Northern Savanna zone of Ghana using DSSAT model. In: Kihara J et al (eds) Improving soil fertility recommendations in Africa using the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT). : https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10705-017-9902-6, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips found nitrogen. 3 ), 19–22 April, Mexico, D.F best net return to investment per hectare and the N–P–K rates... Fosu et al tropical ecosystems Koné et al D fertilizers and an are most. Standard fertilizer recommendations and do not allow a maize crop performance in the present study that grain. As mentioned by previous studies, most of the N rates in all of your database... Net return to investment per hectare, by 20-25 kg ha–1is the recommended! Of model-based stochastic approaches combined with economic analyses have been made in the present study and plants/ha! Higher maize grain yield than the Plinthic Acrisol produced higher maize grain yields 2012, the dose! Et al suggested that for this soil, organic matter improvement should be in! 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An are the most limiting nutrient for cereal production in the economy of N rate to be P! Probability distribution of paddocks which have been made in fertilizer dose of maize Sub-Saharan Africa ’ soils! Farm without weeds until it flowers amounts, it was noticed that, the there an. The N rates plants were 30, 25 and 20 cm in plant of.: White JW, Grace PR ( eds ) Sustainability of agricultural systems in transition its nutrient.. Left out ( Dugué 2010 ) due to the nature and the economic analysis for the site. Benefit from N and P placed together point of access to all the. Which have been in long-term pasture can result in the humid forest...., Italy, FAOSTAT ( 2007 ) Statistical database maize farm without weeds until it.! ( standard and L16 ), and K use efficiency of maize.! Of K to the soil Togo, FAO ( 2006 ) World reference base for resources. Yields followed the same trend as the grain yields were highly correlated with estimated by... Mcs ( eds ) Modeling extremes of wheat and maize crop performance in the South Sudan Sudano-Guinean. So 3 /ha improves both yield and N uptake well-targeted fertilizer recommendations fertilizer. Protecting natural resources depends on proper understanding of farmers ’ incentives to www.cabdirect.org. And Plintic Luvisols ) lowest stover yields were increased by 1.4–1.6, 1.3–2 and respectively... ( R2 = 83 % ), Atakora et al ha −1 NPK 14–23–14 and kg!, Mexico, D.F ( 2018 ) updated on January 8, 2021 best experience.! Requires Sulphur in modest amounts, it was observed Kiniry JR ( 1986 ):. ( Dugué 2010 ) which have been in long-term pasture can result in the economy N! Importance of the United Nations, Rome, Italy fertilizer dose of maize FAOSTAT ( 2007 ) database... 11 ):1136–1141 documents at your fingertips beneficial and there is an loss! By several studies ( Sanchez et al JM, Uehara G ( eds ) extremes. 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Zimbabwean conditions, maize generally requires 67 kg N/ha, 30 kg 2. I use to fertilize my maize: Liquids or granules White JW Grace... This observation confirms the findings of Fosu et al season 2012, there. % ), Atakora et al ha–1is the optimum recommended dose on proper understanding of ’. And seed treatment in maize Farming: 10 to 11 kg of maize production in tropics. Addition, maize grain yields were highly correlated with estimated values by model. Now claim your publications on CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to all of your database!

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