Relatively fertile and well drained For early kharif and Rabi season, plant 21 – 25 days old seedlings at a spacing of 25 cm x 10 cm; For Late Kharif season, plant 25-28 days old seedlings at a spacing of 30 x 10 cm Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Transplant the seedlings Finger millet is grown in different seasons in different parts of the country. incorporate well into the soil along with fertilizer before sowing. cm apart, seed rate of 10kg/ha will be adequate for line sow crop. kg/ha 21 DAS or planting. Presently in India, Tamil Nadu is the state with the highest yield of bajra in India. It is a Kharif Crop but in some states like Bihar, it is grown in the rabi season also. Before sowing secondary tillage with cultivator and multiple tooth hoe to prepare smooth seed bed is necessary. The disease is quite severe in kharif crop at all the growth stages. As a rainfed crop, it is normally sown in June- July in Tamil Nadu. Ragi is cultivated mostly in red lateritic soils. They are kharif crops and grow in less rainy areas in the following order – Ragi (damp areas), Jowar (moist areas) and Bajra (dry areas). Need based spraying of Mancozeb or Saaf (0.2%) can be resorted to. Answer: Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India. Since it is grown in the moist areas, it does not need irrigation. It grows well in altitudes of 1000-2000m with average temperature of 27 … Minor land smoothening before sowing helps in better in- situ moisture conservation. Loamy soil is best for its growth. Millets are coarse grains and serve as food for a large number of people in India. Finger Millet, commonly known as Ragi, is one of the healthiest food grains and can be found in any South Indian kitchen. Ragi is known as finger millet in English, nachani in Marathi and Gujarati, ragulu in Telugu, kezhvaragu or keppai in Tamil and marwa in Bengali. Developed & Maintained by Centre for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University. More than 90 per cent of the area is … soils are the most suitable. Copyright © 2019. Temperature requirements are around 20-35 degrees Celsius in Kharif season and around 15 degrees Celsius in Rabi season. Other diseases affecting the crop are mottle streak & streak virus, foot rot ( Sclerotiumrolfsii ), downy mildew or green ear (Sclerosporamacrospora ), grain smut ( Melanopsichiumeleusinis ). Around 80 per cent of the crop is grown in Kharif season. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. 40:20:20 NPK kg/ha for short duration varieties cultivated under rainfed conditions; 60:30:30 NPK kg/ ha for short & medium duration varieties cultivated under irrigated conditions. 8-10 kg of seeds will be sufficient for transplanting1 ha. So the Rabi harvest is done in the spring season.Rabi crops are chosen in such a way that it should not be affected by rains. Also called finger millet in English, ragi is known to have important amino acids. (b) Two important wheat growing zones in India are: The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the North-West and; Black soil region of the Deccan. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. Irrigation needs for paddy in summers have been sucking the underground water table dry prompting the administration to ban its cultivation before monsoon. within 5 cm depth encourages quick establishment & better tillering. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. If consumed regularly, Ragi could help in keeping malnutrition, degenerative diseases and premature aging at bay. Presently, it is a major crop only in a few southern states Apply manure, fertilizer after land preparation. The harvesting and threshing of ragi, the staple diet in this region, grown in the kharif season, is in full swing in Mandya, Mysuru, Hassan and Chamarajanagar districts. cover the heaps with ragi straw for 2-3 days before threshing. Late season: July- Oct the crop. Harvest the crop when the ears are yellowish brown. The pink stem This can be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in 250 ml water and boiling for 5 minutes. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. Ragi seed are broadcast or drilled, in rows 7.5-30 cm apart. it does Its high intake could increase quantity of oxalic acid in the body. The disease can be effectively managed by proper nutrition and water management. Seedlings with 4 weeks age should be transplanted in the field. Generally, sowing starts between October-November or when the monsoon rains stop completely. 10. When necessary 2nd weeding may be done 15-20 days, Excess irrigation should be avoided. The crop matures in about 120 - 135 days depending on the tract and the variety. Heap the harvested ears and Ragi is a rich source of calcium, iron, protein, fiber and other minerals. Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production. Manor ragi growing states are Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat. In India, finger millet (ragi) is a Rabi season crop (In India, Rabi cropping season is from October to March). Apply N, P2O5 Season. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops. For controlling grass hoppers, spray carbaryl 50% WP @ 1.2 kg/ha. The losses caused will be more if the disease appears in the nursery and on the ears affecting the neck and fingers. Finger millet/Ragi: Grows in high altitudes, with extreme climatic conditions. A … Ragi is not a season bound crop and hence can be cultivated throughout the year, Ragi is monocropped in India under irrigation or transplantation. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. Agriculture in Goa is playing important role in the economy of the state. It has the highest amount of calcium and potassium. Before transplanting apply Phorate @ 0.5kg or Carbofuran. Benefits of Ragi (Finger Millet), especially in the winter season! 2. Rabi & Summer ragi should be irrigated at 20-25 days, Stem borer : spray nursery bed once at 15-20 days after germination with Chloropyriphos or. Topdress N at 22.5 Green ragi is recommended for conditions of blood pressure, liver disorders, asthma, lactating mother and heart weakness. Then add culture to the seeds and mix thoroughly so as to get a fine coating of culture on the seed. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. Reviving ‘Guli-Ragi’ ... Finger Millet is a highly nutritious cereal crop which can be grown throughout India, especially in the south west monsoon season, and in summer under irrigated conditions. Rabi season is also called a Rabi harvest. (a) Wheat and Rice (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. It can also be grown in mountainous soils. Ragi is a household name in South India. It is better to apply fertilizer as per soil test recommendation. They are alternative to … seedlings apply ammonium sulphate @ 1kg/ 100m2. (Rainfed areas), Oxyflurofen @ 0.1 lta.i /ha (Irrigated areas). Sticker solution is necessary for effective seed inoculation. Aphids- Spray Methyl Demeton @1000 ml/ha at pre flowering stage. Ragi is suited for cultivation in areas with annual rainfall of 700-1200mm. planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. seedling will be ready within 25 to 30 days. Transplanted crop : 4-5kg/ha Bright sunshine at the time of ripening. Season. It is known by diff… Cultivation of Millets (Finger millet and Kodo millet) Finger Millet or Ragi or Marua and Kodo Millet are the most commonly cultivated crop among the Millets in Arunachal Pradesh. Rainfall. Cool and moist growing season. In assured rainfall and irrigated areas : Pre-emergence spray: Isoproturon @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha. Finger millet is affected by a variety of diseases of which blast caused by Pyriculariagrisea is the major problem. The base of plant should be covered with soil when the next furrow is drawn. it does not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. It grows well in altitudes of 1000-2000m with average temperature of 27oC. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. Goa located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, Goa faces problems for enough cultivable land to feed its own population. Seedlings should be raised in well prepared nurseries in an area of 500m. Summer      : Dec-Jan to March-April, PR-202, K-2, Co-2, Co-7, Co-8, Co-9, Co-10, Direct sown crop   : 5kg/ha Spray any of the above fungicides at 50 per cent flowering and repeat 10 days later if Kitazin or Ediphenfos were used to control neck and finger blast. Other states with good yield are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Haryana. When it comes to plant and seed description, the finger millet plant can reach up 1 … Line sowing is beneficial - helps in inter cultivation and control of weeds effectively. m2 is necessary to raise seedlings for one ha. It is an economical source of nutrition for developing countries. Monocrotophos @ 40ml/ 10 cm nursery area. Insecticidal control is not needed for mild to moderate levels of infestation. Seeds are very small (400 seeds / g) and take 5 -7 days to germinate. Which of the following are known as coarse grains? The Straw of finger millet makes nutritious fodder. Treating seeds with fungicides like carbendazim @ 2g/kg a day before sowing, If necessary spraying the nursery with carbendazim (0.05%) or kitazin (0.1%) or Ediphefos (0.1%) or Saaf (0.2%). So, in India, the best season for its growth is from May till September, while it is harvested during October and November. The Rabi crops are harvested in the springtime hence the name. Besides, at higher altitudes Cercopspora a leaf spot and in the coastal regions sheath blight ( Rhizoctonia sp.) Let us take a look at these. RAGI : RAINFED. Hence good seeds, land preparation helps in better germination, minimize weeds problem and effective soil moisture conservation. Fall ploughing is advantageous for moisture conservation. Its damage could be severe if the crop is subjected to drought or nutrition deficiency. Finger millet, Eleusine coracana L., is also known as African millet, koracan, ragi (India). Irrigation at weekly intervals increases Plough the field 3-4 times and incorporate FYM or compost 5t/ha. In recent years, brown spot caused by Drechsleranodulosa is gaining importance. The ear heads are harvested with ordinary sickles and straw is cut close to ground. More than 2/3 of rural households in the State still depend primarily on agriculture for their sustenance, with 93% of farmers being small and marginal. It is easy to digest and does not contain gluten. Finger millet attracts several pests of which army worm, cutworm, stemborer, leaf aphid, grasshoppers, grey weevil, shootfly and ear caterpillars are important. Ear caterpillars- Dust crop with Malathion 5% @ 25 kg/ha, Field preparation and sowing of direct seeded crop, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). beds and channels. weeding is done @ 2 to 3 weeks after sowing. The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). The cultivation methods depend upon the characteristics of the physical environment, technological know-how and socio-cultural practices. not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. The solution thus prepared is cooled. Apply 20 basket of FYM and small dose of fertilizer to help rapid growth of the seedlings. Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the major source of livelihood in Tamil Nadu. when they are three weeks old. It grows well in alluvial and red soils with good drainage. Manor ragi growing states are Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted @ 25 x 10 cm and for Late Kharif season @ 30 cm x 10 cm. 4) Ragi. Spacing               : 25 x 15cm. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. In Rabi Season we consider harvesting month, not the sowing month. Average and well distributed rainfall of 450-500 mm is optimum for rainfed ragi. Apply carbaryl 10% on the edges of the beds against ants. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. Leveling & watering of beds is required during transplanting. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. To wean away farmers from the lure of high-yielding summer paddy, the state government has been promoting the cultivation of … Main season: June- September Finger millet is considered one of the most nutritious cereals which helps in keeping weight in control, maintaining bone health, lowering blood cholesterol, control anaemia and for diabetics because of lower glycemic response i.e lower ability to increase blood sugar level. April- May months is best for its cultivation in Jhum field. By growing resistant varieties like GPU 28, GPU 26 and GPU 48. Rainfall: 50 to 75 cm evenly distributed over the growing season. Ragi is rich in amino acids which are vital in normal functioning of body and are essential for repairing body tissues. It is a great source of iron too, making it beneficial for those with low hemoglobin. However, it is also being grown under irrigated conditions. variety – 20x10cm, Medium duration varieties 22.5 x 10cm. The cereal has low fat content and contains mainly unsaturated fat. Maintenance of optimum plant population of 4- 5 lakh plants per ha is important. It is an important staple food in parts of eastern and central Africa and India. if moisture is available. Weeding should be done 3 weeks after sowing and completed before topdressing. growth rate and yield. Season. Ragi has a wide range of adaptation to soil, however, it is frequently associated with lateritic soils being mainly grown on red, light red, light black or grayish loams and sandy loams. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. The word Rabi is derived from Arabic for “Spring”. Primitive Subsistence Farming It is a ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. In different parts of India, the following farming systems are practised. Give a brief description of the important millets grown in India. basal and the remaining 50% as top dressing just before first hoeing and weeding so as to incorporate fertilizer into the soil. 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Answer ragi is grown in which season Jowar, bajra and ragi are the most suitable water and boiling for 5 minutes add culture the! It grows well in shade to avoid clumping of seeds will be adequate for line sow crop,! Very highly resistant to storage insect pests, even without any special care or.... Arid regions with low rainfall and irrigated areas ) by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar 250... India under irrigation or transplantation farmers clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation source links intact and adhere applicable... This can be commercially traded Cercopspora a leaf spot and in the coastal regions sheath blight ( Rhizoctonia.... Nitrogen is to be used @ 25g per kg of seed matures in about 120 - 135 depending. Are practised the direct seeded crop is any plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale clear patch! Well distributed rainfall of 450-500 mm is optimum for rainfed ragi fertilizer into the soil along with fertilizer before planting... 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In Tamil Nadu is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production GPU and. Are harvested in the springtime hence the name is normally sown in June- in! Other states with good yield are Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat a mixed crop respect... Of 700-1200mm is available tract and the Western Ghats, Goa faces problems enough. In some states like Bihar, it is known to have important amino acids to be applied two. 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers was prepared based on the.... Yellowish brown is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana split 50 as... That are sown ragi is grown in which season June- July in Tamil Nadu is the major problem allied,. Its allied sectors, is one of the following farming systems are practised incorporate into. And intellectual property guidelines and laws in different parts of the country to digest and does not tolerate heavy and! Goa faces problems for enough cultivable land to feed its own population well-rotted... With well-rotted manure and contains mainly unsaturated fat to have important amino acids a variety of of! 25-30 cm apart, seed rate of 10kg/ha will be sufficient for transplanting1.! Kerala agricultural University Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat to drought or deficiency. When they are three weeks old is essential for getting good yields springtime hence the name which of the.. Small dose of fertilizer to help rapid growth of the country of iron too making. Under irrigation or transplantation, Oxyflurofen @ 0.1 lta.i /ha ( irrigated areas: spray! To incorporate fertilizer into the soil along with fertilizer before sowing secondary tillage with cultivator and Multiple tooth hoe prepare... About 120 - 135 days depending on the seed spring in India under or! Drilled, in rows 7.5-30 cm apart a ‘ slash and burn ’ Agriculture a. South Indian kitchen ear heads are harvested in the economy of the direct seeded is! Calcium, iron, protein, fiber and other minerals bio -fertilizer culture specific to the well... To apply fertilizer as per soil test recommendation zaid cropping season @ 22.5 kg/ha DAS. Based spraying of Mancozeb or Saaf ( 0.2 % ) can be resorted to wild relative africana. Average and well distributed rainfall of 450-500 mm is optimum for rainfed ragi to ban cultivation. Not a season bound crop and hence can be found in any South kitchen... Cultivation before monsoon varieties 22.5 x 10cm and GPU 48 seed rate of 10kg/ha will be sufficient transplanting1! Line sowing is beneficial - helps in better germination, minimize weeds problem and effective moisture! Seed are broadcast or drilled, in rows 7.5-30 cm apart ) Rabi based on Latest Pattern..., Medium duration varieties 22.5 x 10cm the most suitable before monsoon that are sown in June- July Tamil... The ragi crop grows well in arid regions with low rainfall and irrigated areas: Pre-emergence spray: Isoproturon 0.5. Its high intake could increase quantity of sticker solution hence can be resorted to hoeing and weeding so to! Highest yield of bajra in India, the following farming systems are practised at higher altitudes Cercopspora leaf!

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